Linux Basics

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Permissions - Numeric

You can also use numbers to represent the permissions.

File System - Numbers representing Permissions

So, for a file with permissions rwxr-xr-x, the owner has rwx permission which 4+2+1=7 and group and others have r-x which means 4+0+1 = 5. Thus the command you would use to set such permission would be: chmod 755 myfile.